Areola Reconstruction A plastic surgery
procedure that may involve transferring skin from another part of
the body to the areolar area on the breast (Free grafting) and shaping
in to look like a natural areolar. Depending on the patients skin
tones the area may also be tattooed the pink or brown of the patient's
natural areolar color. Generally this procedure is one of the final
stages of breast reconstruction.
Nipple Areolar Reconstruction
Beverly Hills -
Reconstructive surgery techniques for the nipple and areola complex
vary based on the desires and physical needs of each individual
patient. Nipple- areola reconstruction is typically done on an outpatient
basis and is performed in a hospital or accredited surgery center.
According to Dr.
Corbin, a plastic surgeon with over 20 years experience with
reconstruction surgery there are different surgery options to
reconstruct the nipples
and or the surrounding areola
complex. "A large part of surgery
success starts with surgeon/patient communication he says. Both
the surgeon and the reconstructive patient must understand what
can be and what can't be accomplished with plastic
surgery. It is very important to take time to carefully explain
the pros and cons of the different nipple reconstructive surgeries.
Pre surgery education and patient evaluation is an important part
of the surgery process." In addition, mastectomy
scarring as well as breast skin and tissue may affect the overall
Dr. Fred Corbin
says, "By the end of one or more surgery
consultations with the reconstructive patient, it is important
for me to know that my patient is comfortable,well informed and
trusts me to do the reconstructive surgery procedure that will give
them the best possible results." Our office likes to satisfy
the emotional needs as well as the physical needs of our patients.
Because each patient's needs and physical factors
are different, Dr.
Fred Corbin must evaluate the patient's thoroughly before determining
the best plastic surgery technique. Some of the basic physical factors
he considers in nipple reconstruction
are the shape, size, nipple texture, nipple projection and where
the reconstructed nipple will be placed on the reconstructed breast
No patient is perfectly symmetrical. The two sides of the body are
naturally different. Asymmetry is more noticeable in some patients
than others and this difference can present a surgical challenge.
Unilateral Nipple Reconstruction
If the nipple reconstruction is Unilateral then
has the difficult task of matching the reconstructed nipple to the
natural nipple.He has to evaluate the color, skin texture, size,
shape and the location on the breast mound where the reconstructed
nipple and areolar will best match the other side. With a normal
breast on one side, reconstructing the nipple on the other side
to match and sharing a portion of the normal nipple on the other
may work well because the color and texture will be the same. This
reconstructive technique is best when the patient has a larger nipple
and areolar complex.
Skin Graft Sites
Reconstructive surgery options the plastic
surgeon must consider are the location of the donor site used
to take the skin from that is needed to create the nipples and or
areolar complex. To reconstruct the nipple or nipples, Dr. Corbin
can use a local tissue flap
or a graft using skin taken from another location (donor site) on
the patient's body that best matches their nipple texture and or
color. Some of the most commonly used donor sites are, medial inner
thigh, groin area or behind the ears. The medial thighs and groin
tend to have darker skin and for a lighter shape of pink the skin
from behind the ear is often used by Dr.
Bilateral Nipple Reconstruction
According to Dr. Corbin, "If a patient needs
reconstruction, using local tissue flaps on both sides is a
good surgery option since both nipples will look similar.
FYI, flaps are moved from one location on the body to the reconstructive
site with the blood supply intact, while skin
grafts are removed from their own blood supply transferred to
the reconstructive site on the breast mound. The free flap grafts
viability depends on the growth of a new blood supply at their new
site. Because the blood supply of the patient is so important in
determining the final surgery result. Dr. Corbin will not perform
this surgery on smokers.
The local tissue flap procedure used to reconstruct the nipples
avoids donor site morbidity that can happen with the free graft
According to Dr.
Frederic Corbin, the scarring that can occur using a local tissue
flap surgery is generally not extensive and it remains in the area
around the nipple. This scarring can be touched up and easily covered
by either a skin graft or tattoo
to reconstruct the areola complex.
Nipple and areolar
tattooing is a commonly used by Dr.
Corbin to simply color match the nipple or nipples and areolar
complex. It is performed easily, often under local anesthesia depending
on the patients comfort level and has little to no down time for
the reconstructive patient.. Nipple tattooing provides the patient
surgeon with a minimally invasive option to color the nipples
and areolar. In the past, some of the tattoo color faded with time,
but with newer equipment and inks the tattooed
nipples can maintain their color over time.
Nipple and areolar reconstruction are the final stage in breast
reconstruction. "It is like the icing on the cake" according
Corbin M. D. Based on Dr. Corbin's 20 years of experience and
surgical expertise nipple and areola reconstruction adds to patient
surgery satisfaction and an overall
sense of well being, confidence and femininity.
Breast Reconstruction - Areola Reconstruction
For a specialist in breast
reconstruction in the California area, look to board certified
plastic surgeon, Dr. Frederick Corbin.
Dr. Corbin has been performing breast augmentation surgery, breast lift surgery, breast reduction surgery, breast enhancement surgery, breast reconstruction surgery and breast revision surgery in the Los Angeles area for over 20 years. Recognized as an expert in plastic surgery, Dr. Frederic Corbin is a board certified plastic surgeon with the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons.
Click for Dr.
Corbin's complete profile
Dr. Corbin practices the following breast
- Breast reconstruction - This set of procedures
is done to restore the breast following its removal during a mastectomy.
This is one of the most rewarding surgical procedures available
today, since it enables surgeons to create a breast that closely
resembles a natural breast.
For detailed information on breast
reconstruction procedures click here.
Visit our Photo Gallery for breast
reconstruction before and after photos or read
testimonials from satisfied women who have undergone breast
For more information about breast
reconstruction or other cosmetic procedures, contact Dr. Corbin
or his staff at either of his Los Angeles area offices:
Beverly Hills Office
436 N. Bedford Drive, Suite 202
Beverly Hills, CA 90212
Phone: (310) 284-8384
400 West Central Avenue, Suite 101
Brea, CA 92821
Phone: (714) 671-3033
or by email: Click to Contact Dr. Corbin